The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) program was initiated in 2004. The first 10-year TAL Strategy and Implementation Plan (2004-2014) provided a touchstone to guide and address urgent conservation management issues and to tackle priority threats to make the TAL an ecologically functional landscape. This second strategy and action plan prepared by the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation will continue to guide conservation in the TAL from 2015 to 2025 by addressing persisting and emerging threats to ensure socio-ecological integrity of the TAL over the next 10 years and beyond. Their preparation followed a participatory and consultative process, and included review of past experiences and achievements. They will build on past successes and take advantage of current opportunities.