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	© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program/ Nabin Baral

Climate-change Impacts on the Biodiversity of the Terai Arc Landscape and the Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape

 
	© Hariyo Ban Program, WWF Nepal
Climate-change Impacts on the Biodiversity of the Terai Arc Landscape and the Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape
© Hariyo Ban Program, WWF Nepal
The Eastern Himalayas are considered to be a region of global importance for biodiversity; the result of the synergistic interactions of the complex mountain terrain, extreme elevation gradients, overlaps of several biogeographic barriers, and regional monsoonal precipitation (Wikramanayake et al. 2001a). The distribution of the region’s biodiversity has been mapped as ecoregions directed along the horizontal axis of the mountain range (Wikramanayake et al. 2001b), and represent the ecological diversity from the Terai-duar grasslands and savannas at the base of the Himalayas to the alpine grasslands at the top, with the range of forest types in-between and along the steep altitudinal cline, from <300 m to> 4000 m. 

Climate-change Impacts on the Biodiversity of the Terai Arc Landscape and the Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape

Broom Grass: Rehabilitation of Forests Degraded by Shifting Cultivation/Slash and Burn Agriculture

 
	© Hariyo Ban Program, WWF Nepal
Broom Grass: Rehabilitation of Forests Degraded by Shifting Cultivation/Slash-and-Burn Agriculture
© Hariyo Ban Program, WWF Nepal
Degradation of forest through slash-and-burn agriculture by poor families with no alternative is common in parts of Nepal. This practice disrupts biological corridors and causes soil erosion and landslides. Planting broom grass was the answer to rehabilitating degraded forests, restoring ecological connectivity and improving the livelihoods of local communities in Tanahun district, Nepal. 

Broom Grass: Rehabilitation of Forests Degraded by Shifting Cultivation/Slash and Burn Agriculture

Keyed to Conservation

 
	© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program/ Jyoti Shrestha
© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program/ Jyoti Shrestha
“The first time I saw a computer, I was scared to touch a key. I thought it would burst apart,” says 28 year old Hira Singh, a trainee at the Computer Training Center in Mahadevpuri Community Forest Coordination Committee (CFCC) office, Banke district in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL). Singh is one of the nine trainees enhancing their computer skills at the center.

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An animal species and a sub species documented for the first time in Nepal

 
	© NTNC
© NTNC
Kathmandu, Nepal – One new species and one subspecies of mammal have been documented for the first time in Nepal.

The two new animals, namely Steppe polecat (Mustela evermanii) and Tibetan wolf, scientific name Canis lupus chanco (a sub-species of the grey wolf) were documented for the first time in Nepal in the Trans-Himalaya of Upper Mustang of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA).

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The Last Yak Herder of Dhe

Improved Stoves, Forests and Lives

 
	© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program/ Nabin Baral
© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program/ Nabin Baral
“You ask what the Improved Cooking Stoves have done for us? They have changed our lives, that’s what they have done,” says Bishnu Paudel, a resident of Dhikurpokhari VDC in Kaski district in north-central Nepal. This spirited woman is a member of the Bhakarjung Community Forest Users Group (CFUG), which has received support through the Hariyo Ban Program for the construction of Improved Cooking Stoves (ICSs).

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SELECTING CLIMATE RESILIENT TREE SPECIES FOR FOREST RESTORATION IN THE HIMALAYAN REGION OF NEPAL

 
	© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program
SELECTING CLIMATE RESILIENT TREE SPECIES FOR FOREST RESTORATION IN THE HIMALAYAN REGION OF NEPAL
© WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program
Measurable species range shifts and changes in composition of forest vegetation in the Nepalese Himalaya have been already attributed to global climate change. This global driver of ecological change can act in synergy with proximate anthropogenic drivers to accelerate forest degradation. Because forests play an important role in providing vital ecological goods and services, including carbon sequestration, the Government of Nepal is encouraging forest restoration and sustainable management through various policy instruments including the recent Forest Policy, 2015. 

SELECTING CLIMATE RESILIENT TREE SPECIES FOR FOREST RESTORATION IN THE HIMALAYAN REGION OF NEPAL

Disclaimer: The Hariyo Ban Program is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this website are the responsibility of WWF and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

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