Mainstreaming Climate Adaptation in Local Development Planning: A Reflection from the Hariyo Ban Program, Nepal
Mainstreaming Climate Adaptation in Local Development Planning: A Reflection from
the Hariyo Ban Program, Nepal
Climate change is affecting people and nature in Nepal, and impacts are increasing as climate change advances and there are more extreme weather events. Major effects to date include impacts on agriculture and livestock from unpredictablemonsoons and other rains; increased scarcity of water supplies; and increased risk of floods and landslides. In the longer term, program studies and assessments suggest that there will be major changes to many of Nepal's forests, ecosystemprocesses and species, with consequent impacts for socio-economic systems.Climate vulnerabilities are often exacerbated by non-climate stresses to natural systems, including high subsistence use of forest products, encroachment,forest fire, infrastructure development, poaching, human-wildlife conflict, overgrazing, and invasive species. Underlying causes of these include poverty, increasing demand for land for development purposes, weak enforcement of existingpolicies, and poor governance.