Preparing for Change - Climate Vulnerability Assessment of the CHAL
The Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape (CHAL) spans the geographically and biologically diverse Gandaki River basin in the central Nepal, extending from the tropical lowlands in Chitwan National Park (CNP) to the cold, high-altitude semi-desert of the Trans-Himalayan Region (THR) and the peaks of Annapurna, Manaslu and western Langtang. With an altitudinal range of nearly 8,000 m, highly dissected terrain, and complex seasonality, the landscape has a wide array of climates and microclimates that shape the habitats and environmental conditions for its rich biodiversity and ecosystem services. These support a human population of over 4.5 million and diverse economic activities. The ecological, socio-cultural and economic systems in the landscape are closely intertwined, with people’s livelihoods dependent on sustained ecological integrity.